Madagascar is the 5th largest island in the world after Australia, Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo. It covers an area of 587,041 km2 where there are 27,000,000 inhabitants with 18 ethnic groups: the Malagasy who are an Austronesian people speaking a Malayo-Polynesian language: Malagasy.
The Big Island consists of 13,260,000ha of forest formation, including 43 Protected Areas over 2,600,000ha, or about 3% of the country’s surface. The biogeographical isolation of Madagascar, the variety of climates and reliefs have favored the development of a unique fauna and flora in the world. It has 2 Integral Nature Reserves, 27 National Parks, 14 Special Reserves.
The richness of its biodiversity is, among other things, composed of: