Madagascar is the 5th largest island in the world after Australia, Greenland, New Guinea and Borneo. It covers an area of 587,041 km2 where there are 27,000,000 inhabitants with 18 ethnic groups: the Malagasy who are an Austronesian people speaking a Malayo-Polynesian language: Malagasy.
The Big Island consists of 13,260,000ha of forest formation, including 43 Protected Areas over 2,600,000ha, or about 3% of the country’s surface. The biogeographical isolation of Madagascar, the variety of climates and reliefs have favored the development of a unique fauna and flora in the world. It has 2 Integral Nature Reserves, 27 National Parks, 14 Special Reserves.
The richness of its biodiversity is, among other things, composed of:
More than 12,000 species of flowering plants
Over 4,200 tree species, over 95% of which are endemic
1000 species of orchids
7 species of baobabs
5 families and 108 species of lemurs
More than 200 bird species, more than half of which are endemic